How We Investigate Cruelty
Calgary Humane Society employs a team of provincially-appointed Peace Officers who enforce the Animal Protection Act of Alberta in the City of Calgary. Concerns of animal abuse, neglect, and abandonment are investigated thoroughly with a focus on positively impacting every animal encountered in the course of duty, whether through official enforcement intervention or through education to enhance the owner’s pet care toolkit. In severe cases, animals may be seized and/or charges laid where education and compliance is insufficient or fails.
What do we Investigate?
Our Protection and Investigations Department investigates public concerns of animal abuse, neglect, and abandonment. In addition to these complaint-based investigations, the team also has legislated inspection authority where animals are for sale, hire, or exhibition. This includes pet stores, rodeos, and circuses. Concerns about distress to an animal that are investigated include:
- Lack of adequate:
- Food (starvation or malnutrition)
- Shelter (protection from injurious heat or cold)
- Veterinary care
- Space (overcrowding)
- Ventilation (unsanitary conditions)
- Physical abuse
- Practicing veterinary medicine without a license
Burden of Proof: Beyond a reasonable doubt.
Strict liability: Proving Intent is not required in the absence of a due diligence defence.
Offence: Allowing or causing an animal to be in distress.
Statute of Limitations: 6 Months
Maximum penalty: $20,000 fine and/or prohibition from owning or caring for animals up to lifetime.
Canadian Criminal Code
Burden of Proof: Beyond a reasonable doubt. Proving Intent is required in addition to the commission of the act.
Offence(s): Most common sections:
- Kill, maim, wound, or injure an animal without lawful excuse
- Place poison in a location easily consumed by animals kept for a lawful purpose
- Cause unnecessary pain, suffering or injury to an animal
- Abandon an animal in distress or willfully neglect or fail to provide suitable and adequate food, water, shelter, and care for it
- Uttering threats to kill, poison or injure an animal that is the property of any person
Statute of Limitations: Hybrid: 6 Months for summary / None for indictable
Maximum penalty: 5 years’ incarceration and/or $10,000 fine. Prohibition from owning or caring for animals.